ABCB5 Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of ABCB5

ABCB5 encoded by ABCB5 gene, also known as P-glycoprotein ABCB5, is an integral membrane protein which belongs to the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. The ABC transporters can transport various molecules across extra- and intracellular membranes in an ATP-dependent manner. And the substrates of these proteins are diverse ranging from small ions, sugars, and peptides to more complex organic molecules. ABCB5 is a drug efflux transporter that exists in a number of stem cells.

Basic Information of ABCB5
Protein Name ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 5
Gene Name ABCB5
Aliases ABCB5beta, EST422562, ABCB5alpha
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q2M3G0
Transmembrane Times 12
Length (aa) 1257

Function of ABCB5 Membrane Protein

ABCB5 is a drug efflux transporter that plays a role in drug resistance. ABCB5 has been identified to regulate doxorubicin resistance in human malignant melanoma. In colorectal cancer, ABCB5 was shown to serve as a mediator of chemoresistance against 5-FU. The ABCB5 gene silence regulated by shRNA can decrease chemoresistance against 5-FU in human colorectal cancer cells. Furthermore, ABCB5 has been identified as an important regulator for tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. In melanoma, ABCB5 can promote melanoma metastasis by blocking p65 ubiquitination to facilitate p65 protein stability. In breast cancer, ABCB5 significantly promote migration and invasion of breast cells as well as epithelial-mesenchymal transition through regulating downstream ZEB1. An increased expression of ABCB5 was observed in ocular surface squamous neoplasia. These results also suggest that ABCB5 can act as a novel potential therapeutic target for tumor. In addition, ABCB5 is necessary for corneal development and repair. The lack of ABCB5 functions leads to defective limbal stem cells (LSCs). This also suggests that ABCB5 may be a potential therapeutic target for corneal disease.

Immunofluorescence double labeling of ABCB5 with CD44 and survival curves of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients measured by ABCB5 expression. Fig.1 Immunofluorescence double labeling of ABCB5 with CD44 and survival curves of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients measured by ABCB5 expression. (Grimm, 2012)

Application of ABCB5 Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Lee H.A., et al. Association study of frameshift and splice variant polymorphisms with risk of idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss. Mol Med Rep. 2018, 18(2): 2417-2426. PubMed ID: 29956771

    The genotyping study shows an association of four-allele combination I-D-T-G, (MS4A14/SLC2A7/PSG9/ABCB5) with a decreased susceptibility for recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Moreover, MS4A14 DI+II, SLC2A DI+II and ABCB5 CG+GG genotypes are associated with more than 12 sec prothrombin time and with RPL susceptibility.

  2. Xiao J., et al. Differential expression of ABCB5 in BRAF inhibitor-resistant melanoma cell lines. Bmc Cancer. 2018, 18(1): 675. PubMed ID: 29929490

    The study shows that ABCB5 may not be a major regulator in BRAF inhibitor-resistant melanoma cell lines and p-ERK inhibition may exert essential roles in BRAF resistance in SK-MEL-28PLXr and A2058PLXr two melanoma cell lines.

  3. Guo Q., et al. ATP-binding cassette member B5 (ABCB5) promotes tumor cell invasiveness in human colorectal cancer. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2018, 293(28): 11166-11178. PubMed ID: 29789423

    The study shows a very important role of ABCB5 in colorectal cancer (CRC) invasiveness, suggesting ABCB5 blockade may act as a novel therapeutic drug in CRC.

  4. Lang Z., et al. Study of differential gene expression between invasive multifocal/ multicentric and unifocal breast cancer. Journal of Buon. 2018, 23(1): 134-142. PubMed ID: 29552773

    The study reveals that the differential expression pattern of ABCC11 and ABCB5 genes may be associated with the incidence of multifocal/multicentric breast cancer (MMBS).

  5. Wang S., et al. ABCB5 promotes melanoma metastasis through enhancing NF-κB p65 protein stability. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 2017, 492(1): 18-26. PubMed ID: 28821433

    The study indicates that ABCB5 is involved in the regulation of melanoma metastasis and can be regarded as a promising target for melanoma treatment.

ABCB5 Preparation Options

To obtain the soluble and functional target protein, the versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform in Creative Biolabs enables many flexible options, from which you can always find a better match for your particular project. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-ABCB5 antibody development services.

As a forward-looking research institute as well as a leading custom service provider in the field of membrane protein, Creative Biolabs has won good reputation among our worldwide customers for successfully accomplishing numerous challenging projects including generation of many functional membrane proteins. Please feel free to contact us for more information.


  1. Grimm M, et al. (2012). ABCB5 expression and cancer stem cell hypothesis in oral squamous cell carcinoma. European Journal of Cancer. 48(17), 3186-97.

All listed customized services & products are for research use only, not intended for pharmaceutical, diagnostic, therapeutic or any in vivo human use.

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