Anti-CEACAM1 (Arcitumomab)-SPDB-DM4 ADC (ADC-W-963)

This ADC product is comprised of an anti-CEACAM1 monoclonal antibody conjugated via a SPDB linker to DM4. The DM4 is targeted to certain cancers by immunerecognition and delivered into cancer cells via receptor mediated endocytosis. Within the cell, DM1 binds to tubulins, interrupts microtubule dynamics, and subsequently, induces cell death.

 ADC Target

  • Name
  • CEACAM1
  • Alternative Names
  • CEACAM1; carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (biliary glycoprotein); BGP; carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1; BGP1; CD66a; antigen CD66; CD66a antigen; BGPI;
  • Target Entrez Gene ID
  • 634
  • Overview
  • This gene encodes a member of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) gene family, which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Two subgroups of the CEA family, the CEA cell adhesion molecules and the pregnancy-specific glycoproteins, are located within a 1.2 Mb cluster on the long arm of chromosome 19. Eleven pseudogenes of the CEA cell adhesion molecule subgroup are also found in the cluster. The encoded protein was originally described in bile ducts of liver as biliary glycoprotein. Subsequently, it was found to be a cell-cell adhesion molecule detected on leukocytes, epithelia, and endothelia. The encoded protein mediates cell adhesion via homophilic as well as heterophilic binding to other proteins of the subgroup. Multiple cellular activities have been attributed to the encoded protein, including roles in the differentiation and arrangement of tissue three-dimensional structure, angiogenesis, apoptosis, tumor suppression, metastasis, and the modulation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been reported, but the full-length nature of all variants has not been defined.

 ADC Antibody

  • Overview
  • Anti-CEACAM1 IgG1-Fab’ fragment , Arcitumomab
  • Generic name
  • Arcitumomab
  • Host animal
  • Mouse
  • Species Reactivity
  • Human

 ADC Linker

  • Name
  • SPDB (N-succinimidyl-4-(2-pyridyldithio)butyrate)
  • Description
  • Disulfide Linkers, are extensively exploited as a chemically labile linkage. Since the release of disulfide-linked drugs requires a cytoplasmic thiol cofactor, such as glutathione (GSH). Disulfides maintain stable at physiological pH and only when ADCs are internalized inside cells, the cytosol provides reducing environment including intracellular enzyme protein disulfide isomerase, or similar enzymes, drugs can be released.

 ADC payload drug

  • Name
  • DM4 (N2'-Deacetyl-N2'-(4-mercapto-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl)maytansine)
  • Description
  • Derived from Maytansinoid,a group of cytotoxins structurally similar to rifamycin, geldanamycin, and ansatrienin. The eponymous natural cytotoxic agent maytansine is a 19-member lactam (ansa macrolide) structure originally isolated from the Ethiopian shrub Maytenus ovatus. Maytansinoids can bind to tubulin at or near the vinblastine-binding site, which interfere the formation of microtubules and depolymerize already formed microtubules, inducing mitotic arrest in the intoxicated cells.

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