Anti-C. diff toxin B (Bezlotoxumab)-SPDB-DM4 ADC (ADC-W-2061)

 ADC Target

  • Name
  • C. diff toxin B
  • Alternative Names
  • C. diff toxin B, Clostridium difficile Toxin B
  • Overview
  • Clostridium difficile Toxin B (tcdB or ToxB) is a glucosyltranferase which is known to innactivate Rho, Cdc42 and Rac within target cells. This toxin is encoded on a pathogenicity region of the C. difficile chromossome and is expressed during the log and stationary phases of growth in response to a variety of environmental stimuli.

 ADC Antibody

  • Overview
  • Human Anti-C. diff toxin B IgG1-kappa antibody, Bezlotoxumab
  • Generic name
  • Bezlotoxumab
  • Host animal
  • Human

 ADC Linker

  • Name
  • SPDB (N-succinimidyl-4-(2-pyridyldithio)butyrate)
  • Description
  • Disulfide Linkers, are extensively exploited as a chemically labile linkage. Since the release of disulfide-linked drugs requires a cytoplasmic thiol cofactor, such as glutathione (GSH). Disulfides maintain stable at physiological pH and only when ADCs are internalized inside cells, the cytosol provides reducing environment including intracellular enzyme protein disulfide isomerase, or similar enzymes, drugs can be released.

 ADC payload drug

  • Name
  • DM4 (N2'-Deacetyl-N2'-(4-mercapto-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl)maytansine)
  • Description
  • Derived from Maytansinoid,a group of cytotoxins structurally similar to rifamycin, geldanamycin, and ansatrienin. The eponymous natural cytotoxic agent maytansine is a 19-member lactam (ansa macrolide) structure originally isolated from the Ethiopian shrub Maytenus ovatus. Maytansinoids can bind to tubulin at or near the vinblastine-binding site, which interfere the formation of microtubules and depolymerize already formed microtubules, inducing mitotic arrest in the intoxicated cells.

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