Anti-EGFR (Futuximab)-SPDB-DM4 ADC (ADC-W-1047)

This ADC product is comprised of an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody conjugated via a SPDB linker to DM4. The DM4 is targeted to certain cancers by immunerecognition and delivered into cancer cells via receptor mediated endocytosis. Within the cell, DM1 binds to tubulins, interrupts microtubule dynamics, and subsequently, induces cell death.

 ADC Target

  • Name
  • EGFR
  • Alternative Names
  • EGFR; epidermal growth factor receptor; epidermal growth factor receptor (avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v erb b) oncogene homolog) , ERBB; ERBB1; erythroblastic leukemia viral (v erb b) oncogene homolog (avian); proto-oncogene c-ErbB-1; cell growth inhibiting protein 40; cell proliferation-inducing protein 61; receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-1; avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v-erb-b) oncogene homolog; ERBB; HER1; mENA; PIG61;
  • Target Entrez Gene ID
  • 1956
  • Overview
  • The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is a member of the protein kinase superfamily. This protein is a receptor for members of the epidermal growth factor family. EGFR is a cell surface protein that binds to epidermal growth factor. Binding of the protein to a ligand induces receptor dimerization and tyrosine autophosphorylation and leads to cell proliferation. Mutations in this gene are associated with lung cancer. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode different protein isoforms have been found for this gene.

 ADC Antibody

  • Overview
  • Humanized Anti-EGFR IgG1-kappa antibody, futuximab/Zatuximab
  • Generic name
  • Futuximab
  • Host animal
  • Mouse
  • Species Reactivity
  • Human

 ADC Linker

  • Name
  • SPDB (N-succinimidyl-4-(2-pyridyldithio)butyrate)
  • Description
  • Disulfide Linkers, are extensively exploited as a chemically labile linkage. Since the release of disulfide-linked drugs requires a cytoplasmic thiol cofactor, such as glutathione (GSH). Disulfides maintain stable at physiological pH and only when ADCs are internalized inside cells, the cytosol provides reducing environment including intracellular enzyme protein disulfide isomerase, or similar enzymes, drugs can be released.

 ADC payload drug

  • Name
  • DM4 (N2'-Deacetyl-N2'-(4-mercapto-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl)maytansine)
  • Description
  • Derived from Maytansinoid,a group of cytotoxins structurally similar to rifamycin, geldanamycin, and ansatrienin. The eponymous natural cytotoxic agent maytansine is a 19-member lactam (ansa macrolide) structure originally isolated from the Ethiopian shrub Maytenus ovatus. Maytansinoids can bind to tubulin at or near the vinblastine-binding site, which interfere the formation of microtubules and depolymerize already formed microtubules, inducing mitotic arrest in the intoxicated cells.

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