Introduction of GABRA4
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4 (GABRA4), also known as GABA(A) receptor subunit alpha-4, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GABRA4 gene. It is a member of the GABA(A) receptor family which are pentameric ligand-gated chloride channels (usually 2α, 2β, and δ or γ) that may be assembled from a large number of different subunit isoforms.
|Basic Information of GABRA4|
|Protein Name||Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4|
|Aliases||GABA(A) receptor subunit alpha-4|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of GABRA4 Membrane Protein
The GABA(A) receptor is formed by the combination of multiple subunits determining agonist affinity, chance of opening and conductance of the receptor. Some factors such as different cell types, distinct brain regions, and hormonal fluctuations, as well as environmental changes or disease, both affect the expression of these subunits. Studies have shown that these subunits are encoded by different genes that display regional- and developmental-specific expression. As a member of the GABA(A) receptor family, GABRA4 is related to the control of cell proliferation, initial migration, and early dendritic development, indicating a key role in the regulation of adult neurogenesis. What’s more, it has been reported that the dramatic nature of Gabra4 plasticity makes it an interesting candidate to be involved in the long-lasting pathological conditions of CNS hyperexcitability that are often seen in individuals that experience several episodes of alcohol withdrawal (AW).
Fig.1 GABAA receptor structure. (Jacob, 2008)
Application GABRA4 of Membrane Protein in Literature
This study aims to investigate the effects of alcohol use and withdrawal (AW) on changes in the expression of Gabra4 and related genes that encode other subunits of GABAARs, and the potential regulation of Gabra4 by microRNAs. It suggests that AW could decrease Gabra4 expression, and it may be mediated in part by the induction of specific microRNAs in cortical neurons during AW.
This article suggests that three GABAA receptor subunits, GABRA2 (α2), GABRA4 (α4), and GABRQ (θ) genes are transcriptional targets of Egr-1. Neuronal activity-dependent up-regulation of Egr-1 might lead to altered subtypes of GABAA receptors for the maintenance of homeostatic excitatory and inhibitory balance for the regulation of synaptic strength.
This study aims to evaluate the effect of progesterone on the protein expression of α4 subunit of GABA(A) receptor, serotonin transporter (SERT), Akt, Erk, and caspase-3 in the olfactory bulb (OB) of female rats exposed to the forced swimming test (FST). It suggests that progesterone has an asymmetric modulatory effect on the expression of GABA(A) receptor α4 subunit in the OB which may be related to the antidepressant-like effect of progesterone in female rats.
This article suggests that spontaneous, recurrent seizures that define chronic epilepsy may influence changes in GABAA Rα4 expression, and that signaling pathways known to regulate GABAA Rα4 expression after status epilepticus may also be activated after spontaneous seizures in chronically epileptic animals.
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