Introduction of GJA10
The gap junction alpha-10 protein (GJA10) is a protein encoded by the GJA10 gene. It is also known as connexin-62 (Cx62). Connexins, such as GJA10, are involved in the formation of gap junctions, the intercellular channels that connect the cytoplasm of cells. Each slit connection channel is formed by the docking of two hemispherical channels, each channel containing six connexin subunits.
|Basic Information of GJA10|
|Protein Name||Gap junction alpha-10 protein|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of GJA10 Membrane Protein (Cx62)
In mammalian retinal horizontal cells, the Gap junction protein, GJA10 plays an important role in horizontal cell coupling, showing a huge gap in mammalian retinal horizontal cells. The GJA10 gene is abundant in mammalian retinal horizontal cells. The largest part of the GJA10 protein is encoded by exon 2 (480 aa, 97.6%) of the GJA10 gene, and the remaining 12 amino acids (2.4%) are encoded by functional splicing during transcription. The intracellular and c-terminal tails show more divergence, while the c-terminal tail i the major determinant of connexin size, ranging from 23-62 kDa. It is quickly realized that in each human organ, connexins are expressed in a tissue-specific manner, and cells always exhibit a variety of connexins31, which can be combined into different hemichannels and form unique Channel with specific permeability characteristics. The diversity of channel permeability between different connectors poses a major challenge to the field, and categorizing cross-selection remains a daunting task.
Fig.1 The structure of connexon and connexin.
Application of GJA10 Membrane Protein in Literature
These findings reveal alterations in translation initiation as an unexplored mechanism by which the cell regulates Cx43 gap junction formation during EMT.
These data suggest that an additional exon of about 25 kb further downstream, coding for 12 amino acid residues, is spliced to the nearly complete reading frame on exon2 of GJA10.
This article suggests that neuronal and glial communication via gap junctions amplifies neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration.
This paper suggests that, in some tumor types, connexins may facilitate specific stages of tumor progression through both junctional and non-junctional signaling pathways.
The data provides a set of positional constraints that can be used to model the structure of the loop-gate closed state.
GJA10 Preparation Options
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