Introduction of GPR148
GPR148 is encoded by the GPR148 gene, which is located at 2q14.3 in human. It is a seven transmembrane protein and also a 347 amino acid long receptor protein and also known as BTR or PGR6. GPR148 belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family which is the largest family of surface molecules involved in signal transduction and they are activated by a large variety of ligands, including hormones, growth factors, light, peptides, neurotransmitters, nucleotides and odorants, and are involved in the regulation of a range of cellular responses.
|Basic Information of GPR148|
|Protein Name||Probable G-protein coupled receptor 148|
|Aliases||Brain and testis restricted GPCR, G-protein coupled receptor PGR6|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of GPR148 Membrane Protein
GPR148 was firstly described in 2004 and was named brain testis restricted (BTR), due to its restricted expression in normal tissues, and it is expressed primarily in nervous system and testis. But it was also found in several tumor types, most notably prostate cancer. There is a significant correlation between GPR148 expression and prostate cancer, which suggests a potential role for BTR as a marker for detection of this type of cancer. Beyond that, GPR148 may be the possible candidate gene, which is involved in developmental delay (DD)/intellectual disability (ID), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and neurobehavioral abnormalities due to deletion of chromosome 2q21.1. Last but not least, prostanoid is a potential ligand association for GPR148 according to current studies.
Fig.1 GPCR signaling pathways (Thomsen, 2005).
Application of GPR148 Membrane Protein in Literature
This article suggests that small rare recurrent deletion of 2q21.1, including brain-specific ARHGEF4 and GPR148 is pathogenic for DD/ID, ADHD, epilepsy and other neurobehavioral abnormalities.
This article identified a new G protein-coupled receptor, GPR148, with the availability of the human genome sequence databases. It also reveals that GPR148 is associated with prostate cancer.
Authors in this group have identified an individual with a small, rare deletion on chromosome 2q21.1 with psychomotor delay, hyperactivity, and aggressive behavior. The rearranged region is flanked by large complex low-copy repeats and includes GPR148.
This study was able to identify potential ligand association for Class A Orphans and putative/unclassified Class A receptors with no cognate ligand information. And GPR148 is one of them.
GPR148 Preparation Options
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