Introduction of PRLHR
Prolactin-releasing peptide receptor (PRLHR) is encoded by PRLHR gene. It belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) family is the largest family of membrane-bound receptors and also the targets of many drugs. PRLHR is isolated and cloned from bovine hypothalamus using low stringency PCR primers designed against to the highly conserved GPCR transmembrane domains 2 and 6. Prolactin releasing peptide is the only ligand known to have significant affinity for GPR10. Meanwhile, PRLHR is also known as G-protein-coupled receptor 10 (GPR10) and hGR3.
|Basic Information of PRLHR|
|Protein Name||Prolactin-releasing peptide receptor|
|Aliases||G-protein coupled receptor 10, GPR10, hGR3|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of PRLHR Membrane Protein
The activity of PRLHR is mediated by prolactin-releasing peptide because it is identified as a receptor for prolactin-releasing peptide. PRLHR is highly expressed in the pituitary and is involved in the genesis of fibroids. The increased expression of PRLHR in patient’s leiomyoma samples resulting in the activation of AKT and MTOR. The treatment with PrRP-31 peptide to patients’ leiomyoma cells resulting in the increase in PI3K/AKT/MTOR signaling and proliferation compared with the normal myometrial-derived smooth muscle cells. Other reports reveal that PRLHR and other additional factors related to PRLHR have an important role in metabolic disorders. There are also numerous studies suggest that PrRP and PRLHR signaling pathway play a pivotal role in the homeostatic regulation of feeding and energy balance.
Fig.1 Schematic overview of signaling pathway of PRLHR (Rueda, 2013).
Application of PRLHR Membrane Protein in Literature
This article reviews the importance of PRLHR in the activation of the PI3K/AKT/MTOR signaling pathway, which suggests that PRLHR might to be a potential drug target for treatment of the proliferation of leiomyomas or cells derived from leiomyomas.
This article reports that the interaction between GPR10 and its ligand, prolactin releasing peptide can activate the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathways and promote the cell proliferation in cultured primary leiomyoma cells.
This article identifies and clones the three PRLHR-like receptors, namely cPRLHR1, cPRLHR2, and cC-RFaR from chicken brain, and reports that they play similar roles in regulating food intake and pituitary functions in vertebrates.
Authors in this group apply the PrRP and PrRP receptor knockout obesity mice model to demonstrate that prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) is involved in feeding and energy balance regulation. PrRP receptor might be a new target for obesity therapy.
This article reviews that the current knowledge of the PrRP and GPR10 signaling system and its future perspectives. The development of selective GPR10 agonists/antagonists will provide new treatments for the nervous system.
PRLHR Preparation Options
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