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SCNN1A Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of SCNN1A

The amiloride-sensitive sodium channel subunit alpha is encoded by the SCNN1A (chromosome 12p13.31) genes. The amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is a heterotrimer formed by the three amiloride-sensitive sodium channel subunits, α, β, and γ. All subunits are thought to have a comparable three-dimensional structure containing two transmembrane segments, intracellular N- and C-termini, and a large extracellular loop. Additionally, the C-terminus contains a proline-rich domain involved in interaction with regulatory proteins. ENaC is functional only when all three subunits are coexpressed on the epithelial membrane

Basic Information of SCNN1A
Protein Name Amiloride-sensitive sodium channel subunit alpha
Gene Name SCNN1A
Aliases Alpha-NaCH, Epithelial Na(+) channel subunit alpha (Alpha-ENaC, ENaCA), Nonvoltage-gated sodium channel 1 subunit alpha, SCNEA
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID P37088
Transmembrane Times 2
Length (aa) 669
Sequence MEGNKLEEQDSSPPQSTPGLMKGNKREEQGLGPEPAAPQQPTAEEEALIEFHRSYRELFEFFCNNTTIHGAIRLVCSQHNRMKTAFWAVLWLCTFGMMYWQFGLLFGEYFSYPVSLNINLNSDKLVFPAVTICTLNPYRYPEIKEELEELDRITEQTLFDLYKYSSFTTLVAGSRSRRDLRGTLPHPLQRLRVPPPPHGARRARSVASSLRDNNPQVDWKDWKIGFQLCNQNKSDCFYQTYSSGVDAVREWYRFHYINILSRLPETLPSLEEDTLGNFIFACRFNQVSCNQANYSHFHHPMYGNCYTFNDKNNSNLWMSSMPGINNGLSLMLRAEQNDFIPLLSTVTGARVMVHGQDEPAFMDDGGFNLRPGVETSISMRKETLDRLGGDYGDCTKNGSDVPVENLYPSKYTQQVCIHSCFQESMIKECGCAYIFYPRPQNVEYCDYRKHSSWGYCYYKLQVDFSSDHLGCFTKCRKPCSVTSYQLSAGYSRWPSVTSQEWVFQMLSRQNNYTVNNKRNGVAKVNIFFKELNYKTNSESPSVTMVTLLSNLGSQWSLWFGSSVLSVVEMAELVFDLLVIMFLMLLRRFRSRYWSPGRGGRGAQEVASTLASSPPSHFCPHPMSLSLSQPGPAPSPALTAPPPAYATLGPRPSPGGSAGASSSTCPLGGP

Function of SCNN1A Membrane Protein

ENaC mediates the rate-limiting step for sodium absorption across epithelial cells that line the distal part of the renal tubule, the distal colon, the duct of several exocrine glands, and the lung airways. In the renal tubule, sodium reabsorption by ENaC is one of the essential mechanisms involved in the regulation of sodium balance, blood volume, and blood pressure. The activity of the sodium channel is positively regulated by gluco- and mineralocorticoids. This is in part due to direct effects on transcriptional activity of Scnn1a, Scnn1b, or/and Scnn1c gene expression. Under-expression of ENaC due to mutations in the SCNN1 genes leads to type 1 pseudohypoaldosteronism.

Epithelial apicobasal polarity suppresses the development of tumor to later stages. Fig.1 Epithelial apicobasal polarity suppresses the development of tumor to later stages. (Li, 2015)

Application of SCNN1A Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Li W., et al. Association of SCNN1A single nucleotide polymorphisms with neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. Scientific Reports. 2015, 5:17317. PubMed ID: 26611714

    This article finds that rs4149570 and rs7956915 polymorphisms of SCNN1A might play important roles in the susceptibility to RDS, particularly in term infants.

  2. Ekinci Z., et al. A case of SCNN1A splicing mutation presenting as mild systemic pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2013, 26(11-12):1197-200. PubMed ID: 23813355

    This article identifies a mutation in the SCNN1A located at the splicing site. The mutation is definitely a new and pathogenic one, and the phenotype of the patient is milder as observed in a patient with a missense mutation.

  3. Zhang Z., et al. miR-125b inhibits hepatitis B virus expression in vitro through targeting of the SCNN1A gene. Archives of Virology. 2014, 159(12):3335-43. PubMed ID: 25173609

    These findings show miR-125b represses the expression of HBV in vivo by regulating SCNN1A expression.

  4. Wang J., et al. Novel mutations in the SCNN1A gene causing pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1. PLoS One. 2013, 8(6): e65676. PubMed ID: 23762408

    This article reveals three novel SCNN1A gene mutations in two Chinese patients with systemic PHA1.

  5. Ramos M.D., et al. Extensive sequence analysis of CFTR, SCNN1A, SCNN1B, SCNN1G and SERPINA1 suggests an oligogenic basis for cystic fibrosis-like phenotypes. Clinical Genetics. 2014, 86(1):91-5. PubMed ID: 23837941

    This article suggests that CF-like disease may be caused by complex genotypes of several genes in an oligogenic form, with rare variants interacting with environmental factors.

SCNN1A Preparation Options

Membrane protein studies have advanced significantly over the past few years. Based on our versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform, we could offer a series of membrane protein preparation services for worldwide customers in reconstitution forms as well as multiple active formats. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-SCNN1A antibody development services.


During the past years, Creative Biolabs has successfully generated many functional membrane proteins for our global customers. We are happy to accelerate the development of our clients’ programs with our one-stop, custom-oriented service. For more detailed information, please feel free to contact us.

Reference

  1. Li X M, et al. (2015). Genes regulating epithelial polaritybare critical suppressors of esophageal oncogenesis. Journal of Cancer. 6(8), 694-700.

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