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SERINC5 Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of SERINC5

Serine incorporator 5 is a membrane protein that is encoded by the SERINC5 gene in humans. Researchers have reported that this protein is an important factor in the process of host-virus interaction. SERINC5 is closely related to the serine biosynthesis process, which is a vital way for serine metabolization in vivo. It is always companied by another member of SERINC family, SERINC3. They both have a vital influence on human’s health together.

Basic Information of SERINC5
Protein Name Serine incorporator 5
Gene Name SERINC5
Aliases /
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q86VE9
Transmembrane Times 9
Length (aa) 423
Sequence MSAQCCAGQLACCCGSAGCSLCCDCCPRIRQSLSTRFMYALYFILVVVLCCIMMSTTVAHKMKEHIPFFEDMCKGIKAGDTCEKLVGYSAVYRVCFGMACFFFIFCLLTLKINNSKSCRAHIHNGFWFFKLLLLGAMCSGAFFIPDQDTFLNAWRYVGAVGGFLFIGIQLLLLVEFAHKWNKNWTAGTASNKLWYASLALVTLIMYSIATGGLVLMAVFYTQKDSCMENKILLGVNGGLCLLISLVAISPWVQNRQPHSGLLQSGVISCYVTYLTFSALSSKPAEVVLDEHGKNVTICVPDFGQDLYRDENLVTILGTSLLIGCILYSCLTSTTRSSSDALQGRYAAPELEIARCCFCFSPGGEDTEEQQPGKEGPRVIYDEKKGTVYIYSYFHFVFFLASLYVMMTVTNWFNHVRSAFHLLP

Function of SERINC5 Membrane Protein

SERINC5 is a restriction factor of controlling infectivity of lentiviruses like HIV-1. It always functions by inhibiting an early step of viral infection. The protein can boost the penetration of the viral particle into the cytoplasm and promote the incorporation of serine into phosphatidylserine and sphingolipids. It can also provide serine molecules to help the formation of myelin glycosphingolipids in oligodendrocytes. SERINC5 takes part in various processes such as innate immune response, L-serine biosynthetic process, phosphatidylserine metabolic process, positive regulation of CDP-diacylglycerol-serine O-phosphatidyltransferase activity and sphingolipid metabolic process. It can also affect the lipid biosynthesis and lipid metabolism process.

SERINC5 is a restriction factor that impairs the infectivity of retroviral particles. Fig.1 SERINC5 is a restriction factor that impairs the infectivity of retroviral particles. (Heigele, 2016)

Application of SERINC5 Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Fackler O.T. Spotlight on HIV-1 Nef: SERINC3 and SERINC5 identified as restriction factors antagonized by the pathogenesis factor. Viruses. 2015, 7(12):6730-8. PubMed ID: 26703715

    This report shows that the host cell proteins SERINC3 and SERINC5 are potent inhibitors of HIV-1 particle infectivity and Nef can regulate these effects. Both SERINC3 and SERINC5 are restrictions to HIV replication in human cells, which might be novel activities for the HIV pathogenesis factor.

  2. Chande A., et al. S2 from equine infectious anemia virus is an infectivity factor which counteracts the retroviral inhibitors SERINC5 and SERINC3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016, 113(46):13197-13202. PubMed ID: 27803322

    In this article, authors find that S2 is compatible with a key role of the post-translational modification, and its N-terminal glycine is required for the anti-SERINC5 activity.

  3. Sugden S., et al. Attacking the supply lines: HIV-1 restricts alanine uptake to prevent T cell activation. Cell Host Microbe. 2015, 18(5):514-7. PubMed ID: 26567503

    HIV is usually not found by host antiviral immunity by downregulating cell-surface immunoreceptors. In this paper, authors systematically examine how HIV-1 infection remodels the T cell surface and identifies serine carriers SERINC3/5 and alanine transporter SNAT1 as targets of HIV-1 Nef and Vpu, respectively.

  4. Heigele A., et al. The potency of Nef-mediated SERINC5 antagonism correlates with the prevalence of primate lentiviruses in the wild. Cell Host Microbe. 2016, 20(3):381-391. PubMed ID: 27631701

    This article shows that the cellular factor SERINC5 can impair HIV-1 infectivity but is antagonized by the viral Nef protein. They also find a significant correlation between anti-SERINC5 potency and the SIV prevalence in the respective ape and monkey species. Nef-mediates SERINC5 antagonism may determine the ability of primate lentiviruses to spread within natural hosts.

SERINC5 Preparation Options

Membrane protein studies have got great progress over the past few years. Based on our versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform, we can offer a series of membrane protein preparation services in reconstitution forms as well as multiple active formats for worldwide customers. Besides, aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-SERINC5 antibody development services.


During the past years, Creative Biolabs has got great progress in many functional membrane proteins for our global customers. It’s our pleasure to boost the development of our clients’ programs with our one-stop, custom-oriented service. For more detailed information, please feel free to contact us.

Reference

  1. Heigele A, et al. (2016). The potency of Nef-mediated SERINC5 antagonism correlates with the prevalence of primate lentiviruses in the wild. Cell host & microbe. 20(3), 381-391.

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