SLC45A3 is encoded by the SLC45A3 gene which is located on chromosome 1 at the WI-9641 locus between q32 and q42, and the gene probably functions in prostate cancer malignancy. SLC45A3 mRNA has been proved to uniquely expressed in normal and cancerous prostate tissues. It belongs to the glycoside-pentoside-hexuronide (GPH) cation symporter transporter (TC 2.A.2) family. The molecular mass of SLC45A3 is about 59 KDa. Besides, SLC45A3 is a type IIIa plasma membrane protein with 11 transmembrane-spanning regions and a cleavable signal peptide.
|Basic Information of SLC45A3|
|Protein Name||Solute carrier family 45 member 3|
|Aliases||Prostate cancer-associated protein 6, Prostein|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
|Transmembrane Times||Multi-pass membrane|
SLC45A3 has sugar transmembrane transporter activity and sucrose: proton symporter activity. It also takes part in positive regulation of fatty acid biosynthetic process, positive regulation of glucose metabolic process, regulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation and some other important biological processes in human. It is worth mentioning that SLC45A3 is specifically expressed in prostate tissues both at the plasma membrane and in the cytoplasm. Besides, it can be detected in normal and cancerous prostates, and the expression of SLC45A3 is responsive to androgen, which can up-regulate SLC45A3 message and protein expression levels. Overall, SLC45A3 is a prostate-specific marker which may function in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. What’ s more, CD8 T cells specific for SLC45A3 has been identified, which promotes the development of SLC45A3 in vaccination strategies against prostate cancer. SLC45A3 may act as a target antigen for prostate carcinomas-directed cytotoxic T-cell lymphocytes. Beyond that, miR-32 and its target SLC45A3 are important in myelin maintenance which modulate glucose and lipid metabolism and myelin protein expression in oligodendrocytes. And SLC45A3 is identified as a novel sugar transporter in the kidney.
Fig.1 miR-32 and SLC45A3 function in the regulation of myelin lipid metabolism (Shin, 2012).
Authors of this article focus a fusion RNA, SLC45A3-ELK4 which is generated by cis-splicing between neighboring genes. They reveal that SLC45A3-ELK4 function in cancer cell proliferation by its transcript, not translated protein.
Authors of this article intend to validate some previous results about SLC45A3 and TMPRSS2 by immunohistochemistry in a large cohort of tumors. In the end, they reveal that SLC45A3 and other markers can be used to improve patient stratification, treatment, and follow-up.
Authors in this group want to explore the physiological functions of SLC45A3. They find that SLC45A3 can be detected in the kidney and is highly expressed in the medullary collecting duct. And they conclude that SLC45A3 is a novel sugar transporter in the kidney.
This article reveals that SLC45A3-ELK4, prostate cancer RNA chimera, is generated by cis-splicing between the two adjacent genes, there is no DNA rearrangements or trans-splicing. And the chimera expression is induced by androgen treatment.
Authors of this study want to quantify the protein expression of ERG, TMPRSS2, and SLC45A3 in prostate cancer to assess for diagnostic or prognostic utility. This article suggests that the expression of SLC45A3 protein is down-regulated through SLC45A3-ERG fusion in prostate cancer.
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