Introduction of SLC5A7
SLC5A7 is encoded by SLC5A7 gene. It belongs to the solute carrier family 5 which has been extensively studied during the past few decades because it offers numerous possibilities for therapeutic applications. It is related to the uptake of choline into cholinergic nerve terminals where it is acetylated by choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) to form the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The transporter protein is shown to exhibit high-affinity, sodium-dependent choline uptake which could be inhibited by hemicholinium-3 (HC-3). Meanwhile, many studies conducted on SLC5A7 show that its variants are related to the myasthenic syndrome and neuronopathy.
|Basic Information of SLC5A7|
|Protein Name||High affinity choline transporter 1|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of SLC5A7 Membrane Protein
SLC5A7, also named as choline transporter 1 (CHT1), is expressed in various tissues, such as adrenal, brain, liver, lung, kidney and heart. It is a critical determinant of signaling by the neurotransmitter acetylcholine at both central and peripheral cholinergic synapses, including the neuromuscular junction. Recent studies have indicated that CHT density in the synaptic plasma membrane is the primary variable determining the capacity of cholinergic neurotransmission. In addition, some studies conducted on SLC5A7 indicate that its deficient is associated with many disorders, including attention-deficit disorder, depression, and schizophrenia.
Fig.1 Cellular uptake and metabolism of 11C-CHO and 18F-FCHO. (Sharma, 2013)
Application of SLC5A7 Membrane Protein in Literature
This article examines the association between the SLC5A7 variants on autonomic nervous system (ANS) reactivity indexed by respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and heart rate (HR) in infants. The results suggest that there are differences between SLC5A7 genotype and RSA or HR in white infants, but not in black infants.
This article analyzes the relationship between recently-identified risk variants include SLC5A7 variants, CEP72 rs924607, and ADME gene variants and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The results suggest SLC5A7 rs1013940, CEP72 rs924607, and ABCC1 rs3784867 are strongly related to vincristine transport or inherited neuropathies.
Authors in this group conduct a next-generation sequencing to examine genes associated with neuropathy. These results indicate that SLC5A7 mutations can result in the truncation of the CHT C-terminus.
This article examines the association between the SLC5A7 variants and Tourette syndrome (TS) in Chinese Han population. The results suggest no association is found between SLC5A7 SNPs and TS.
This article reveals the positive and negative modulation of choline transporters by using screening techniques. The data demonstrate that a number of novel molecules could be used as tools to further explore CHT biology.
SLC5A7 Preparation Options
To obtain the soluble and functional target protein, the versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform in Creative Biolabs enables many flexible options, from which you can always find a better match for your particular project. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-SLC5A7 antibody development services.
As a forward-looking research institute as well as a leading custom service provider in the field of membrane protein, Creative Biolabs has won good reputation among our worldwide customers for successfully accomplishing numerous challenging projects including generation of many functional membrane proteins. Please feel free to contact us for more information.