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SLC8A3 Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of SLC8A3

SLC8A3 (solute carrier family 8 member 3), also called Na+/Ca2+ exchanger 3 (NCX3), is encoded by SLC8A3 gene, which is located on chromosome 14q24.2. SLC8A3 gene contains 8 exons, and there are multiple variants have been observed due to alternative splicing in this gene. Belonging to the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger family, SLC8A3 is constituted of 10 transmembrane (TM) domains with a diamond-shaped site for substrate binding, a cytoplasmic N and C termini. The 10 TMs are arranged in two clusters separated by a large cytoplasmic loop of 500 residues, which contains two structurally homologous Ca2+ binding domains CBD1 and CBD2. The conserved TM 2 and TM 7 domains are engaged in the transition between inward and outward conformation. SLC8A3 is abundant in both the plasma membrane and intracellular organellar membranes in the brain and skeletal muscle, involved in Na+/Ca2+ exchange and Ca2+ homeostasis maintenance.

Basic Information of SLC8A3
Protein Name Sodium/calcium exchanger 3
Gene Name SLC8A3
Aliases NCX3
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID P57103
Transmembrane Times 10
Length (aa) 927
Sequence MAWLRLQPLTSAFLHFGLVTFVLFLNGLRAEAGGSGDVPSTGQNNESCSGSSDCKEGVILPIWYPENPSLGDKIARVIVYFVALIYMFLGVSIIADRFMASIEVITSQEREVTIKKPNGETSTTTIRVWNETVSNLTLMALGSSAPEILLSLIEVCGHGFIAGDLGPSTIVGSAAFNMFIIIGICVYVIPDGETRKIKHLRVFFITAAWSIFAYIWLYMILAVFSPGVVQVWEGLLTLFFFPVCVLLAWVADKRLLFYKYMHKKYRTDKHRGIIIETEGDHPKGIEMDGKMMNSHFLDGNLVPLEGKEVDESRREMIRILKDLKQKHPEKDLDQLVEMANYYALSHQQKSRAFYRIQATRMMTGAGNILKKHAAEQAKKASSMSEVHTDEPEDFISKVFFDPCSYQCLENCGAVLLTVVRKGGDMSKTMYVDYKTEDGSANAGADYEFTEGTVVLKPGETQKEFSVGIIDDDIFEEDEHFFVRLSNVRIEEEQPEEGMPPAIFNSLPLPRAVLASPCVATVTILDDDHAGIFTFECDTIHVSESIGVMEVKVLRTSGARGTVIVPFRTVEGTAKGGGEDFEDTYGELEFKNDETVKTIHIKVIDDEAYEKNKNYFIEMMGPRMVDMSFQKALLLSPDRKLTMEEEEAKRIAEMGKPVLGEHPKLEVIIEESYEFKTTVDKLIKKTNLALVVGTHSWRDQFMEAITVSAAGDEDEDESGEERLPSCFDYVMHFLTVFWKVLFACVPPTEYCHGWACFAVSILIIGMLTAIIGDLASHFGCTIGLKDSVTAVVFVAFGTSVPDTFASKAAALQDVYADASIGNVTGSNAVNVFLGIGLAWSVAAIYWALQGQEFHVSAGTLAFSVTLFTIFAFVCISVLLYRRRPHLGGELGGPRGCKLATTWLFVSLWLLYILFATLEAYCYIKGF

Function of SLC8A3 Membrane Protein

Contributing to intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis in excitable cells, SLC8A3 is critical for a lot of physiological processes throughout the body. SLC8A3 has been reported to participate in diverse processes such as bone formation, TNF-α production, slow-twitch muscle contraction, and long-term potentiation in the hippocampus and so on. In osseous tissues, SLC8A3 regulates the Ca2+ delivery to the osteoid to control osteoblast differentiation and contributes to Ca2+ efflux from the osteoblasts in order to produce calcifying bone matrix. In the immune system, SLC8A3 is associated with the Ca2+ uptake and production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in macrophages and monocytes. Moreover, SLC8A3 absence is responsible for dysfunctional stimulation of the muscle and in particular a delayed neurotransmitter release during repetitive nerve stimulation. In the brain, SLC8A3 is involved in numerous cellular processes, such as glial cell differentiation, driving the maturation of oligodendrocytes and myelin formation, modulation of the long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus, etc. Furthermore, SLC8A3 induced aberrant Ca2+ influx during neuronal excitotoxicity is very common in Alzheimer’s disease, brain stroke, and neuronal injuries.

Ion transport cycle and NCX backbone dynamics. Fig.1 Ion transport cycle and NCX backbone dynamics. (Giladi, 2016)

Application of SLC8A3 Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Chen M., et al. Protective effects of echinacoside against anoxia/reperfusion injury in H9c2 cells via up-regulating p-AKT and SLC8A3. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2018, 104: 52-59. PubMed ID: 29763795

    The authors demonstrated echinacoside protected against A/R-induced apoptosis in a dosed manner, accompanied with a remarkable reduction of Ca2+ uptake and up-regulation of p-AKT and SLC8A3. Coincidently SLC8A3 silencing increased apoptosis, Ca2+ uptake and protein levels of caspase 3 in H9c2 cells under normoxic conditions.

  2. Julià A., et al. A genome-wide association study identifies SLC8A3 as a susceptibility locus for ACPA-positive rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology. 2016, 55(6): 1106-1111. PubMed ID: 26983453

    This article used a genome-wide association approach to identify new susceptibility genes for ACPA-positive rheumatoid arthritis and they evaluated an intronic SNP in the SLC8A3 was found to be associated with ACPA-positive RA at a genome-wide level.

  3. Sun D., et al. Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchanger 3 is downregulated in the hippocampus and cerebrocortex of rats with hyperthermia-induced convulsion. Chinese medical journal. 2015, 128(22): 3083. PubMed ID: 26608990

    The authors used whole-cell patch-clamp, western blotting and immunofluorescence techniques to record the currents and expression of NCX3 in the hippocampus and cerebrocortex of rats with hyperthermia-induced convulsion, and they found that NCX currents and NCX3 expression were decreased in rats after febrile convulsion, indicating a potential link between NCX3 expression, febrile convulsion in early childhood, and adult onset of epilepsy.

  4. Michel L.Y.M., et al. Calpain-3-mediated regulation of the Na⁺-Ca²⁺ exchanger isoform 3. Pflügers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology. 2016, 468(2): 243-255. PubMed ID: 26503425

    The authors firstly demonstrated that calpain-3 (CAPN3) increased NCX3 activity and only NCX3-AC was sensitive to calpain. When removing the six residues coded in exon C of NCX3-AC, the sensitivity to CAPN1 and CAPN3 could be abrogated.

  5. Giladi M., et al. Structure-functional basis of ion transport in sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) proteins. International journal of molecular sciences. 2016, 17(11): 1949. PubMed ID: 27879668

    This review summarized various data from the X-ray crystallography, molecular dynamics simulations, hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass-spectrometry (HDX-MS), and ion-flux analyses of mutants and demonstrated that the conserved α₁ and α₂ repeats at ion-coordinating residues of NCX were involved in transport activities. The review significantly provided the structure-functional basis of NCX and improved our understanding of ion transport mechanisms in NCX and similar proteins.

SLC8A3 Preparation Options

To obtain the soluble and functional target protein, Creative Biolabs utilizes the versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform to provide many flexible options, from which you can always find the best match for your particular project. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-SLC8A3 antibody development services.


Over the years, Creative Biolabs has successfully generated massive functional membrane proteins for our customers. We are glad to provide one-stop, custom-oriented service packages regarding a variety of membrane protein targets. Please feel free to contact us for more information.

Reference

  1. Giladi M., et al. (2016). Structure-functional basis of ion transport in sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) proteins. International journal of molecular sciences. 17(11), 1949.

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