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Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel Subfamily V

The transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily is diverse, encoded by 28 TRP channel genes and grouped into six subfamilies: TRPC (canonical), TRPV (vanilloid), TRPM (melastatin), TRPA (ankyrin), TRPP (polycystin), and TRPML (mucolipin). The vanilloid subfamily (TRPV) was named after the founding of its member, the vanilloid (capsaicin) receptor TRPV1. Now, five other members of this family have been identified. Structurally, these TRPV channels monomeric subunit components each contains six transmembrane domains (designated S1-S6) with a pore domain between S5 and S6 segments. The N-terminus of TRPV channels contains six ankyrin repeats.

TRPV1-4 channels are thermosensitive but have different temperature activation profiles. TRPV1, V3, and V4 are expressed in nociceptive sensory neurons in the central nervous system and thus are involved in the generation and transduction of pain. TRPV5 and TRPV6 are calcium-selective channels that are mainly distributed in the intestine and kidney. Dysfunction of TRPV channels has been implicated in various disease states ranging from chronic pain and overactive bladder (TRPV1) through obesity (TRPV4), diabetes (TRPV1), chronic cough (TRPV1), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; TRPV4) to dermatological disorders (TRPV3 in Olmsted Syndrome) and cancer (TRPV2). Clinically, a number of potent, small-molecule TRPV1 and TRPV3 antagonists have already entered clinical trials as novel analgesic agents. With the increasing understanding of the TRPV functions in disease and health, more progress will be made in the drug discovery of new disease areas.

Here, we give an introduction of human TRPV channel members regarding their function, tissue distribution, selectivity, clinical significance, and potential as drug targets.

Human TRP Cation Channel Subfamily V Members
TRPV1 TRPV2 TRPV3 TRPV4 TRPV5 TRPV6

To obtain these membrane proteins in a form suitable for purification, structural or functional analysis, many strategies have been developed, including the use of detergents and lipids, more native-like mimetics such as liposomes and nanodiscs, and the use of amphipathic polymers. Moreover, virus-like technology is also used for the preparation of lipoparticles that incorporate enriched membrane proteins in their natural folding status. Moreover, aided by our cutting-edge Magic™ membrane protein production platform, Creative Biolabs offers efficient membrane protein expression services in different host systems.

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Meanwhile, we introduce our Magic™ membrane protein antibody discovery platform that enables the discovery of high-quality antibodies against these protein targets to help promote your studies. We also present DNA immunization service for anti-membrane protein antibody development. Contact us for more detailed information about our membrane protein preparation services.

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