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TRPV3 Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of TRPV3

TRPV3 is a tetramer, and each subunit is composed of six transmembrane (TM) domains and two relatively large cytoplasmic amino- (N-) and carboxy- (C-) termini on which additional structural motifs are present, notably the ankyrin repeats on the N terminus. The putative pore loop is located between TM5 and TM6, which forms the pore for ion flux. Although the central TM domains are highly conserved, the amino acid sequences of the N- and C-termini of the TRPV3 channels are highly diversified among different species. TRPV3 is predominantly expressed in skin, where it is activated by warm temperatures and chemical activators. Activation of epidermal TRPV3 has been shown to increase the release of diffusible molecules that are capable of activating or sensitizing primary sensory neurons, leading to sensory hypersensitivity. Besides keratinocytes, TRPV3 is also expressed in many neuronal and non-neuronal tissues, indicating that TRPV3 might play important roles in many unknown cellular and physiological functions.

Basic Information of TRPV3
Protein Name Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3
Gene Name TRPV3
Aliases Vanilloid receptor-like 3 (VRL-3)
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q8NET8
Transmembrane Times 6
Length (aa) 790
Sequence MKAHPKEMVPLMGKRVAAPSGNPAILPEKRPAEITPTKKSAHFFLEIEGFEPNPTVAKTSPPVFSKPMDSNIRQCISGNCDDMDSPQSPQDDVTETPSNPNSPSAQLAKEEQRRKKRRLKKRIFAAVSEGCVEELVELLVELQELCRRRHDEDVPDFLMHKLTASDTGKTCLMKALLNINPNTKEIVRILLAFAEENDILGRFINAEYTEEAYEGQTALNIAIERRQGDIAALLIAAGADVNAHAKGAFFNPKYQHEGFYFGETPLALAACTNQPEIVQLLMEHEQTDITSRDSRGNNILHALVTVAEDFKTQNDFVKRMYDMILLRSGNWELETTRNNDGLTPLQLAAKMGKAEILKYILSREIKEKRLRSLSRKFTDWAYGPVSSSLYDLTNVDTTTDNSVLEITVYNTNIDNRHEMLTLEPLHTLLHMKWKKFAKHMFFLSFCFYFFYNITLTLVSYYRPREEEAIPHPLALTHKMGWLQLLGRMFVLIWAMCISVKEGIAIFLLRPSDLQSILSDAWFHFVFFIQAVLVILSVFLYLFAYKEYLACLVLAMALGWANMLYYTRGFQSMGMYSVMIQKVILHDVLKFLFVYIVFLLGFGVALASLIEKCPKDNKDCSSYGSFSDAVLELFKLTIGLGDLNIQQNSKYPILFLFLLITYVILTFVLLLNMLIALMGETVENVSKESERIWRLQRARTILEFEKMLPEWLRSRFRMGELCKVAEDDFRLCLRINEVKWTEWKTHVSFLNEDPGPVRRTDFNKIQDSSRNNSKTTLNAFEEVEEFPETSV

Function of TRPV3 Membrane Protein

TRPV3 is a versatile receptor integrating diversified sensory signals, though it is unlikely to play a major role in sensing warm temperatures in rodents in vivo. TRPV3 is also involved in many cellular functions in addition to its role as a polymodal sensory transducer. Recent findings that both gain-of-function and loss-of-function mutations of TRPV3 produce severe skin disorders and disruption of hair morphogenesis provide compelling evidence that TRPV3 activity is critical to maintaining epidermal homeostasis. Future research on investigations into the cellular and systemic functions of TRPV3 may greatly benefit from the advent of selective agonists and antagonists as well as specific antibodies. The prominent role of TRPV3 in skin disorders and chronic itch makes it a promising drug target.

Proposed role of TRPV3 in itch signaling and hair growth. Fig.1 Proposed role of TRPV3 in itch signaling and hair growth. (Wang, 2014)

Application of TRPV3 Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Pires P.W., et al. Unitary TRPV3 channel Ca²⁺ influx events elicit endothelium-dependent dilation of cerebral parenchymal arterioles. American Journal of Physiology-heart and Circulatory Physiology. 2015, 309(12):H2031-41. PubMed ID: 26453324

    This article finds that TRPV3 sparklets cause dilation of cerebral parenchymal arterioles by activating IK and SK channels in the endothelium.

  2. Aijima R., et al. The thermosensitive TRPV3 channel contributes to rapid wound healing in oral epithelia. FASEB Journal. 2015, 29(1):182-92. PubMed ID: 25351988

    This article suggests that TRPV3 plays an important role in regulating oral epithelial proliferation and wound closure. Systemic and/or local up-regulation of TRPV3 channel activity may represent a novel therapeutic strategy for wound treatment.

  3. Yang P. and Zhu M.X. TRPV3. Handb Exp Pharmacol. 2014, 222:273-91. PubMed ID: 24756710

    This article suggests that gain-of-function genetic mutations of TRPV3 in rodents and humans have been instrumental in unveiling the critical role of this channel in skin health and disease.

  4. Luo J. and Hu H. Thermally activated TRPV3 channels. Curr Top Membr. 2014, 74:325-64. PubMed ID: 25366242

    This article reveals the prominent role of TRPV3 in skin disorders and chronic itch, making it a promising drug target.

  5. Liu B. and Qin F. The Xenopus tropicalis orthologue of TRPV3 is heat sensitive. Journal of General Physiology. 2015, 146(5):411-21. PubMed ID: 26458875

    This article suggests that the cold sensitivity of TRP channels established using Xenopus oocytes as a functional expression system may need to be revisited.

TRPV3 Preparation Options

Membrane protein studies have advanced significantly over the past few years. Based on our versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform, we could offer a series of membrane protein preparation services for worldwide customers in reconstitution forms as well as multiple active formats. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-TRPV3 antibody development services.


During the past years, Creative Biolabs has successfully generated many functional membrane proteins for our global customers. We are happy to accelerate the development of our clients’ programs with our one-stop, custom-oriented service. For more detailed information, please feel free to contact us.

Reference

  1. Wang G and Wang K. (2014). The Ca2+-Permeable Cation Transient Receptor Potential TRPV3 Channel: An Emerging Pivotal Target for Itch and Skin Diseases. Molecular Pharmacology. 92 (3): 193-200.

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