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EVA1A Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of EVA1A

EVA1A is encoded by the EVA1A gene and is also known as TMEM166 (transmembrane protein 166) or FAM176A (family with sequence similarity 176). EVA1A acts as a regulator of programmed cell death, mediating both autophagy and apoptosis. EVA1A is highly conserved in humans, chimpanzees, rats, mice, and dogs, indicating its importance in vertebrate animals. The expression profile analysis indicates that the expression of the EVA1A protein in most cancer tissues is negative or lower compared with that of normal tissues.

Basic Information of EVA1A
Protein Name Protein eva-1 homolog A
Gene Name EVA1A
Aliases Protein FAM176A, Transmembrane protein 166,TMEM166
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q9H8M9
Transmembrane Times 1
Length (aa) 152
Sequence MRLPLSHSPEHVEMALLSNILAAYSFVSENPERAALYFVSGVCIGLVLTLAALVIRISCHTDCRRRPGKKFLQDRESSSDSSDSEDGSEDTVSDLSVRRHRRFERTLNKNVFTSAEELERAQRLEERERIIREIWMNGQPEVPGTRSLNRYY

Function of EVA1A Membrane Protein

EVA1A is expressed in a cell- and tissue-specific manner and the expression level is decreased in many types of human tumors, such as gastric cancer, esophagus cancer, adrenal cortical carcinoma, pituitary adenoma, and parathyroid adenoma. In vivo and in vitro experiments have demonstrated that EVA1A overexpression inhibits the proliferation of tumor cells and induces both autophagy and apoptosis even under nutrient-rich conditions, and the appearance of autophagy usually precedes cell death. EVA1A stimulates autophagy by interacting with WD repeats of ATG16L1. Furthermore, it acts on downstream of the BECN1 complex and upstream of ATG16L1 and may be responsible for ATG12–5/16L1 recruitment to the isolation membrane. EVA1A, potentially as a component of the autophagosomal membrane, is closely related to the development and maturation of the autophagosome. The restoration of EVA1A in some cancer cell lines can induce cell death through both autophagy and apoptosis, suggesting that EVA1A is an effective tumor-suppressing molecule. So, EVA1A could be combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of tumors, which needs further exploration.

EVA1A Membrane Protein IntroductionFig.1 EVA1A (TMEM166) in cell death mechanisms (Mrschtik, 2015).

Application of EVA1A Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Wang L., et al. TMEM166, a novel transmembrane protein, regulates cell autophagy and apoptosis. Apoptosis. 2007, 12(8):1489-1502. PubMed ID: 7492404

    The findings of this article show that EVA1A is a novel regulator involved in both autophagy and apoptosis for the first time because the suppression of EVA1A inhibits starvation-induced autophagy.

  2. Hu J., et al. TMEM166/EVA1A interacts with ATG16L1 and induces autophagosome formation and cell death. Cell Death & Disease. 2016, 7:e2323. PubMed ID: 27490928

    The results of this article provide a comprehensive view of our understanding of the pathways involved in the role of EVA1A in autophagy and programmed cell death.

  3. Xu D., et al. Expression of TMEM166 protein in human normal and tumor tissues. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol. 2013, 21(6):543-52. PubMed ID: 22495369

    Authors of this article generate a specific rabbit polyclonal antibody against human EVA1A and assess the expression of this protein in various human normal and tumor tissue samples by tissue microarray-based immunohistochemical analysis, suggesting that EVA1A expression was widely downregulated in the cancer tissues.

  4. Chang Y., et al. Adenovirus vector-mediated expression of TMEM166 inhibits human cancer cell growth by autophagy and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Cancer Lett. 2013, 328(1):126-134. PubMed ID: 22960574

    This article reports a recombinant adenovirus 5- EVA1A vector (Ad5-TMEM166) and evaluates its expression and anti-tumor activities in vitro and in vivo, indicating that Ad5- EVA1A may be a novel gene therapy candidate for cancer.

  5. Li M., et al. EVA1A/TMEM166 Regulates Embryonic Neurogenesis by Autophagy. Stem Cell Reports. 2016, 6(3):396-410. PubMed ID: 26905199

    This article demonstrates that EVA1A regulates embryonic neurogenesis by modulating autophagy and provides potential implications for understanding the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders caused by autophagy dysregulation.

EVA1A Preparation Options

To obtain the soluble and functional target protein, the versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform in Creative Biolabs enables many flexible options, from which you can always find a better match for your particular project. Besides, aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-EVA1A antibody development services.


As a forward-looking research institute as well as a leading custom service provider in the field of membrane protein, Creative Biolabs has developed multiple membrane protein expression systems, which can yield membrane proteins of interest from a recombinant plasmid in living cell system. Please feel free to contact us for more information.

Reference

  1. Mrschtik M & Ryan KM. (2015) Lysosomal proteins in cell death and autophagy. The FEBS Journal. 282(10):1858-1870.

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