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SLC3A1 Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of SLC3A1

SLC3A1 is encoded by the SLC3A1 gene which is located on 2pter-q32.3. The mutations of the gene can cause cystinuria (CSNU), an autosomal disorder with impaired epithelial cell transport of cystine and dibasic amino acids in the proximal renal tubule and gastrointestinal tract. The gene mutations also associate with hypotonia-cystinuria syndrome (HCS). SLC3A1 belongs to the Solute carrier family. The molecular mass of SLC3A1 is about 78 KDa.

Basic Information of SLC3A1
Protein Name Neutral and basic amino acid transport protein rBAT
Gene Name SLC3A1
Aliases NBAT, D2h, Solute carrier family 3 member 1, b (0, +)-type amino acid transport protein
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q07837
Transmembrane Times Single-pass membrane
Length (aa) 685
Sequence MAEDKSKRDSIEMSMKGCQTNNGFVHNEDILEQTPDPGSSTDNLKHSTRGILGSQEPDFKGVQPYAGMPKEVLFQFSGQARYRIPREILFWLTVASVLVLIAATIAIIALSPKCLDWWQEGPMYQIYPRSFKDSNKDGNGDLKGIQDKLDYITALNIKTVWITSFYKSSLKDFRYGVEDFREVDPIFGTMEDFENLVAAIHDKGLKLIIDFIPNHTSDKHIWFQLSRTRTGKYTDYYIWHDCTHENGKTIPPNNWLSVYGNSSWHFDEVRNQCYFHQFMKEQPDLNFRNPDVQEEIKEILRFWLTKGVDGFSLDAVKFLLEAKHLRDEIQVNKTQIPDTVTQYSELYHDFTTTQVGMHDIVRSFRQTMDQYSTEPGRYRFMGTEAYAESIDRTVMYYGLPFIQEADFPFNNYLSMLDTVSGNSVYEVITSWMENMPEGKWPNWMIGGPDSSRLTSRLGNQYVNVMNMLLFTLPGTPITYYGEEIGMGNIVAANLNESYDINTLRSKSPMQWDNSSNAGFSEASNTWLPTNSDYHTVNVDVQKTQPRSALKLYQDLSLLHANELLLNRGWFCHLRNDSHYVVYTRELDGIDRIFIVVLNFGESTLLNLHNMISGLPAKMRIRLSTNSADKGSKVDTSGIFLDKGEGLIFEHNTKNLLHRQTAFRDRCFVSNRACYSSVLNILYTSC

Function of SLC3A1 Membrane Protein

SLC3A1 is a single-pass type II membrane protein of which N-terminus is on the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. And its transmembrane domain is located close to the N-terminus and it functions as an anchor. SLC3A1 has amino acid transmembrane transporter activity, protein heterodimerization activity, catalytic activity. It also takes part in cellular amino acid metabolic process, L-cystine transport, basic amino acid transport and some other biological processes. SLC3A1 is mainly expressed in the kidney, small intestine and pancreas, it can also be found in the liver and in the brush border membrane in the kidney. It has been proved that SLC3A1 is a Na+-independent dibasic and neutral amino acid transporter which is a member of the least hydrophobic of mammalian amino acid transporters. SLC3A1 is involved in cystine transport in the kidney and small intestine. Besides, SLC3A1 can stimulate a neutral and dibasic amino acid exchange activity, it may act as an activator of SLC7A9 and be participate in the high-affinity reabsorption of cystine in the kidney tubule.

SLC3A1 Membrane Protein Preparation Fig.1 Topological representation of the rBAT/SLC3A1 subunit (Bröer, 2002).

Application of SLC3A1 Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Nagamori S., et al. Novel cystine transporter in renal proximal tubule identified as a missing partner of cystinuria-related plasma membrane protein rBAT/SLC3A1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2016,113(14):1254-60. PubMed ID: 26739563

    Authors of this article use co-immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry to explore the unknown partner of rBAT/SLC3A1 in the S3 segment. They find that a membrane protein AGT1/SLC7A13 is the second partner of rBAT/SLC3A1. And AGT1 is the long-postulated second cystine transporter in the S3 segment of proximal tubules.

  2. Rome S., et al. The regionalization of PepT1, NBAT and EAAC1 transporters in the small intestine of rats are unchanged from birth to adulthood. Journal of Nutrition. 2002,132(5):1009-1011. PubMed ID: 11983829

    Authors of this article use RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry to evaluate the ontogenetic development of PepT1, NBAT/SLC3A1 along the vertical and horizontal axes of the rat small intestine. They reveal that the expression of NBAT/SLC3A1 is differently regulated according to both the horizontal and vertical axes.

  3. Rius M., et al. The role of N-glycans and the C-terminal loop of the subunit rBAT in the biogenesis of the cystinuria associated transporter. Biochemical Journal. 2015, 7(2). PubMed ID: 26537754

    Authors in this group study the N-glycans of rBAT/SLC3A1 and of its C-terminal loop in biogenesis of system b (0, +) is unknown. They identify the five N-glycans of rBAT/SLC3A1. They explore the function of the C-terminal loop and the importance of the N-glycan Asn (575) of rBAT/SLC3A1 in biogenesis of the rBAT-b (0, +) AT heterodimer.

  4. Markazi S., et al. Report ofSLC3A1/rBAT gene mutations in Iranian cystinuria patients: A direct sequencing study[J]. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. 2017, 22(1):33. PubMed ID: 28461819

    Authors of this article intend to explore genetic variants in three exons (1, 3, and 8) of SLC3A1. They find one mutation in the SLC3A1 gene and identify three polymorphisms. They confirm that cystinuria is a heterogeneous disorder at the molecular level and more studies are needed to identify the distribution and frequency of mutations causing cystinuria in the Iranian population.

  5. Segawa H., et al. Cloning, functional expression and dietary regulation of the mouse neutral and basic amino acid transporter (NBAT). Biochemical Journal London. 1997, 328:657-664. PubMed ID: 9371728

    Authors of this article want to explore the physiological role of NBAT/SLC3A1. They cloned the gene and analyzed the function and the expression of the SLC3A1. Finally, they found that NBAT/SLC3A1 is related to cystine transport.

SLC3A1 Preparation Options

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Reference

  1. Bröer S. and Wagner C. A. (2002). Structure-function relationships of heterodimeric amino acid transporters. Cell Biochemistry & Biophysics. 36(2-3), 155-168.

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