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PTH1R Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of PTH1R

PTH1R (Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor), also known as parathyroid hormone 1 receptor, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PTH1R gene. PTH1R functions as a receptor for parathyroid hormone (PTH) and for parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), also called parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH).

Basic Information of PTH1R
Protein Name Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor
Gene Name PTH1R
Aliases Parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor, PTH/PTHrP type I receptor, PTH/PTHr receptor, Parathyroid hormone 1 receptor, PTH1 receptor
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q03431
Transmembrane Times 7
Length (aa) 593
Sequence MGTARIAPGLALLLCCPVLSSAYALVDADDVMTKEEQIFLLHRAQAQCEKRLKEVLQRPASIMESDK
GWTSASTSGKPRKDKASGKLYPESEEDKEAPTGSRYRGRPCLPEWDHILCWPLGAPGEVVAVPCPDYI
YDFNHKGHAYRRCDRNGSWELVPGHNRTWANYSECVKFLTNETREREVFDRLGMIYTVGYSVSLASLTVAV
LILAYFRRLHCTRNYIHMHLFLSFMLRAVSIFVKDAVLYSGATLDEAERLTEEELRAIAQAPPPPATAAAG
YAGCRVAVTFFLYFLATNYYWILVEGLYLHSLIFMAFFSEKKYLWGFTVFGWGLPAVFVAVWVSVRATLAN
TGCWDLSSGNKKWIIQVPILASIVLNFILFINIVRVLATKLRETNAGRCDTRQQYRKLLKSTLVLMPLFGV
HYIVFMATPYTEVSGTLWQVQMHYEMLFNSFQGFFVAIIYCFCNGEVQAEIKKSWSRWTLALDFKRKARSG
SSSYSYGPMVSHTSVTNVGPRVGLGLPLSPRLLPTATTNGHPQLPGHAKPGTPALETLETTPPAMAAPKDD
GFLNGSCSGLDEEASGPERPPALLQEEWETVM

Function of PTH1R Membrane Protein

PTH1R is a G protein-coupled receptor that is highly expressed in bone and kidney and mediates in these tissues the PTH-dependent regulation of mineral ion homeostasis. PTH1R also mediates the paracrine actions of PTHrP, which plays a particularly vital role in the process of endochondral bone formation. These important functions, the likely involvement of the PTH1R in certain genetic diseases affecting skeletal development and calcium homeostasis, and the potential utility of PTH in treating osteoporosis have been the driving force behind intense investigations of both the receptor and its peptide ligands. In bone, PTH1R is expressed on the surface of osteoblasts. When the receptor is activated through PTH binding, osteoblasts express RANKL (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kB Ligand), which binds to RANK on osteoclasts. This turns on osteoclasts to ultimately increase the resorption rate.

Structure of PTH1R membrane protein. Fig.1 Structure of PTH1R membrane protein.

Application of PTH1R Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Mannstadt M., et al. Receptors for PTH and PTHrP: their biological importance and functional properties. The American Journal of Physiology. 1999, 277(5): F665-F675. PubMed ID:10564229.

    The article indicates that a detailed exploration of the receptor-ligand interaction process is currently being pursued through the use of site-directed mutagenesis and photoaffinity cross-linking methods. Ultimately, such work could enable the development of novel PTH receptor ligands that have therapeutic value in treating diseases such as osteoporosis and certain forms of hypercalcemia.

  2. Offermanns S., et al. G alpha q family members couple parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide and calcitonin receptors to phospholipase C in COS-7 cells. Molecular Endocrinology. 1996, 10(5): 566-574. PubMed ID:8732687.

    The article reconstitutes the signal transduction of the PTH/PTHrP and the calcitonin receptor in COS-7 and HEK293 cells.

  3. Subramanian H., et al. PTH1R Mutants Found in Patients with Primary Failure of Tooth Eruption Disrupt G-Protein Signaling. PLoS One. 2016, 11(11): e0167033.PubMed ID:27898723

    The article indicates that PTH1R mutations affect intracellular PTH-regulated signaling in vitro. In patients with primary failure of tooth eruption defective signaling of PTH1R mutations is suggested to occur in dento-alveolar cells and thus may lead to impaired tooth movement.

  4. Jelani M., et al. A novel homozygous PTH1R variant identified through whole-exome sequencing further expands the clinical spectrum of primary failure of tooth eruption in a consanguineous Saudi family. Arch Oral Biol. 2016, 67: 28-33. PubMed ID:27019138

    This article reports the primary failure of eruption caused by a homozygous mutation in PTH1R. The article findings prove the application of WES as an efficient molecular diagnostics tool for this rare phenotype and further broaden the clinical spectrum of PTH1R pathogenicity.

  5. Zindel D., et al. Identification of key phosphorylation sites in PTH1R that determine arrestin3 binding and fine-tune receptor signaling. Biochem J. 2016. PubMed ID:27623777

    The article demonstrates that PTH1R would provide insights into how phosphorylation at specific sites regulates cell signaling responses and also open the possibility of developing therapeutic agents that could target specific receptor functions.

PTH1R Preparation Options

To obtain the soluble and functional target protein, the versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform in Creative Biolabs enables many flexible options, from which you can always find a better match for your particular project. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-PTH1R antibody development services.


As a forward-looking research institute as well as a leading customer service provider in the field of membrane protein, Creative Biolabs has won good reputation among our worldwide customers for successfully accomplishing numerous challenging projects including generation of many functional membrane proteins. Please feel free to contact us for more information.

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