Aptamers for SARS-CoV-2
Creative Biolabs has successfully developed Aptamers for SARS-CoV-2 with high affinity. Creative Biolabs actively invests in aptamer development to assist researchers to better understand the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 and drug development.
Creative Biolabs is an innovative and ambitious company which delivers value-added services. We own brilliant antibody engineering platform, protease inhibitor platform, and drug discovery platform. We are fully equipped to partner with our clients who are doing or may have the desire to work on complement systems for drug discovery and validation.
Introduction of Complement System and Complement Factor B
The human complement system acts as a primitive component of the first humoral immune system designed to eliminate the infecting pathogens. It is comprised of approximately 30 serum and cellular components, including activating serine protease, receptors as well as positive and negative regulators. The complement system involves in opsonization for phagocytosis and anaphylatoxin activities, and is responsible for binding and lysing the plasma membrane of the pathogens. The complement system consists of three pathways, the classical pathway, the lectin pathway, and the alternative pathway.
Complement factor B is a single-chain molecule of 764 amino acids (MW of 90 kD), which can circulate in the blood to maintain homeostasis. Factor B contributes to the formation of C3/C5 convertases of the alternative complement pathway. The gene encoding factor B localizes to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class III region on chromosome 6p21.
Fig.1 Complement factor B.
Function of Complement Factor B
Factor B is part of the alternative pathway of the complement system. It can be cleaved by complement factor D yielding the noncatalytic chain Ba (~33 kD) and the catalytic subunit Bb (~60 kD). The Ba region localizes at the N-terminus of the molecule and contains residues 1-259. This region comprises three complement control protein (CCP) domains, which are important for the initial binding of factor B to C3b. The catalytic subunit Bb (residues 260-764) combines with C3b to form the alternative pathway C3 convertase (C3bBb), which is stabilized by the binding of properdin. After cleavage of C3, the C5 convertase [(C3b)2Bb] is subsequently formed. Moreover, it is documented that Bb is involved in the proliferation and differentiation of preactivated B lymphocytes, while Ba inhibits their proliferation. Bb is also associated with the rapid spreading of peripheral blood monocytes, stimulation of lymphocyte blastogenesis, immunosuppression, apoptosis and lysis of erythrocytes.
Fig.2 Complement factor B participates in the C3 convertase formation. (Janssen, 2009)
Complement Factor B Deficiency
Complement factor B deficiency is an immunologic disorder characterized by increased susceptibility to bacterial infections, particularly Neisseria infections, due to a defect in the alternative complement pathway. Additionally, factor B deficiency is involved in various diseases, such as septic shock, stroke, systemic lupus erythematosus, Alzheimer’s disease, melioidosis, and multiple sclerosis. Interestingly, inactivation of factor B in mice prevents a number of autoimmune or inflammatory diseases, indicating an attractive target for therapy.
With professional knowledge and rich research experiences in drug discovery and complement therapeutic field, Creative Biolabs' outstanding research team are providing high-quality biotherapeutics development services based on the complement system. We offer turn-key or ala carte services customized to our client’s needs. We cut down on the time and effort you spend on setting up the assay. If you are interested in our platform or you are calling for our services, please contact us for detailed information.
1. Janssen, B. J.; et al. Insights into complement convertase formation based on the structure of the factor B-cobra venom factor complex. The EMBO journal. 2009, 28(16): 2469-2478.