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SCN3A Membrane Protein Introduction

Introduction of SCN3A

SCN3A gene, encoding sodium channel protein type 3 subunit alpha (SCN3A) locates on human chromosome 2q24. The molecular mass of the protein is 226 kDa. The protein contains 4 internal repeats, each with 5 hydrophobic segments (S1, S2, S3, S5, S6) and one positively charged segment (S4). Segment S4 is probably the voltage-sensor and is characterized by a series of positively charged amino acids at every third position. SCN3A with 24 transmembrane domains can combine one or more regulatory beta subunits to form voltage-gated sodium channel.

Basic Information of SCN3A
Protein Name Sodium channel protein type 3 subunit alpha
Gene Name SCN3A, KIAA1356, NAC3
Aliases Sodium channel protein brain III subunit alpha, Sodium channel protein type III subunit alpha, Voltage-gated sodium channel subtype III, Voltage-gated sodium channel subunit alpha Nav1.3
Organism Homo sapiens (Human)
UniProt ID Q9NY46
Transmembrane Times 24
Length (aa) 2000
Sequence MAQALLVPPGPESFRLFTRESLAAIEKRAAEEKAKKPKKEQDNDDENKPKPNSDLEAGKNLPFIYGDIPPEMVSEPLEDLDPYYINKKTFIVMNKGKAIFRFSATSALYILTPLNPVRKIAIKILVHSLFSMLIMCTILTNCVFMTLSNPPDWTKNVEYTFTGIYTFESLIKILARGFCLEDFTFLRDPWNWLDFSVIVMAYVTEFVSLGNVSALRTFRVLRALKTISVIPGLKTIVGALIQSVKKLSDVMILTVFCLSVFALIGLQLFMGNLRNKCLQWPPSDSAFETNTTSYFNGTMDSNGTFVNVTMSTFNWKDYIGDDSHFYVLDGQKDPLLCGNGSDAGQCPEGYICVKAGRNPNYGYTSFDTFSWAFLSLFRLMTQDYWENLYQLTLRAAGKTYMIFFVLVIFLGSFYLVNLILAVVAMAYEEQNQATLEEAEQKEAEFQQMLEQLKKQQEEAQAVAAASAASRDFSGIGGLGELLESSSEASKLSSKSAKEWRNRRKKRRQREHLEGNNKGERDSFPKSESEDSVKRSSFLFSMDGNRLTSDKKFCSPHQSLLSIRGSLFSPRRNSKTSIFSFRGRAKDVGSENDFADDEHSTFEDSESRRDSLFVPHRHGERRNSNVSQASMSSRMVPGLPANGKMHSTVDCNGVVSLVGGPSALTSPTGQLPPEGTTTETEVRKRRLSSYQISMEMLEDSSGRQRAVSIASILTNTMEELEESRQKCPPCWYRFANVFLIWDCCDAWLKVKHLVNLIVMDPFVDLAITICIVLNTLFMAMEHYPMTEQFSSVLTVGNLVFTGIFTAEMVLKIIAMDPYYYFQEGWNIFDGIIVSLSLMELGLSNVEGLSVLRSFRLLRVFKLAKSWPTLNMLIKIIGNSVGALGNLTLVLAIIVFIFAVVGMQLFGKSYKECVCKINDDCTLPRWHMNDFFHSFLIVFRVLCGEWIETMWDCMEVAGQTMCLIVFMLVMVIGNLVVLNLFLALLLSSFSSDNLAATDDDNEMNNLQIAVGRMQKGIDYVKNKMRECFQKAFFRKPKVIEIHEGNKIDSCMSNNTGIEISKELNYLRDGNGTTSGVGTGSSVEKYVIDENDYMSFINNPSLTVTVPIAVGESDFENLNTEEFSSESELEESKEKLNATSSSEGSTVDVVLPREGEQAETEPEEDLKPEACFTEGCIKKFPFCQVSTEEGKGKIWWNLRKTCYSIVEHNWFETFIVFMILLSSGALAFEDIYIEQRKTIKTMLEYADKVFTYIFILEMLLKWVAYGFQTYFTNAWCWLDFLIVDVSLVSLVANALGYSELGAIKSLRTLRALRPLRALSRFEGMRVVVNALVGAIPSIMNVLLVCLIFWLIFSIMGVNLFAGKFYHCVNMTTGNMFDISDVNNLSDCQALGKQARWKNVKVNFDNVGAGYLALLQVATFKGWMDIMYAAVDSRDVKLQPVYEENLYMYLYFVIFIIFGSFFTLNLFIGVIIDNFNQQKKKFGGQDIFMTEEQKKYYNAMKKLGSKKPQKPIPRPANKFQGMVFDFVTRQVFDISIMILICLNMVTMMVETDDQGKYMTLVLSRINLVFIVLFTGEFVLKLVSLRHYYFTIGWNIFDFVVVILSIVGMFLAEMIEKYFVSPTLFRVIRLARIGRILRLIKGAKGIRTLLFALMMSLPALFNIGLLLFLVMFIYAIFGMSNFAYVKKEAGIDDMFNFETFGNSMICLFQITTSAGWDGLLAPILNSAPPDCDPDTIHPGSSVKGDCGNPSVGIFFFVSYIIISFLVVVNMYIAVILENFSVATEESAEPLSEDDFEMFYEVWEKFDPDATQFIEFSKLSDFAAALDPPLLIAKPNKVQLIAMDLPMVSGDRIHCLDILFAFTKRVLGESGEMDALRIQMEDRFMASNPSKVSYEPITTTLKRKQEEVSAAIIQRNFRCYLLKQRLKNISSNYNKEAIKGRIDLPIKQDMIIDKLNGNSTPEKTDGSSSTTSPPSYDSVTKPDKEKFEKDKPEKESKGKEVRENQK

Function of SCN3A Membrane Protein

SCN3A is mainly localized in the central nervous system (CNS) and plays a critical role in brain development. SCN3A is abundantly expressed in the embryonic brain tissues and gradually decreases to a very low level during the postnatal development. Several studies have shown that SCN3A expression is significantly increased in human epilepsy and seizure models. Functional studies demonstrate that, compared with SCN1A, those neurons expressing SCN3A have a lower threshold and/or a higher frequency of firing. There are several diseases associated with SCN3A including trigeminal neuralgia and deafness, autosomal dominant 16. Among its related pathways are cardiac conduction and L1CAM interactions.

Roles of voltage-gated Na+ channels in taste cells. Fig.1 Roles of voltage-gated Na+ channels in taste cells. (Vandenbeuch, 2009)

Application of SCN3A Membrane Protein in Literature

  1. Li H.J., et al. Alteration of Scn3a expression is mediated via CpG methylation and MBD2 in mouse hippocampus during postnatal development and seizure condition. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015, 1849(1):1-9. PubMed ID: 25459751

    This article indicates that, of all the CNS-expressed sodium channel genes, only Scn3a expression is altered regulated by CpG methylation and MBD2 is significantly upregulated in seizure mice.

  2. Haerian B.S., et al. SCN1A, SCN2A and SCN3A gene polymorphisms and responsiveness to antiepileptic drugs: a multicenter cohort study and meta-analysis. Pharmacogenomics. 2013, 14(10):1153-66. PubMed ID: 23859570

    This article suggests that common SCN1A, SCN2A or SCN3A variants are not strongly associated with resistance to AEDs.

  3. Celle M.E., et al. Interstitial 2q24.3 deletion including SCN2A and SCN3A genes in a patient with autistic features, psychomotor delay, microcephaly and no history of seizures. Gene. 2013, 532(2):294-6. PubMed ID: 24080482

    This article suggests that mutations in SCN2A and SCN3A genes are significantly associated with the autistic features, psychomotor delay, microcephaly and no history of seizures.

  4. Deng G.F., et al. Promoter analysis of mouse Scn3a gene and regulation of the promoter activity by GC box and CpG methylation. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience. 2011, 44(2):115-21. PubMed ID: 21271300

    This article reveals that the GC box may be an important factor in regulating the mouse Scn3a gene expression in the CNS.

  5. Bartnik M., et al. Disruption of the SCN2A and SCN3A genes in a patient with mental retardation, neurobehavioral and psychiatric abnormalities, and a history of infantile seizures. Clinical Genetics. 2011, 80(2):191-5. PubMed ID: 20807223

    This article suggests that haploinsufficiency of SCN2A may be involved in the ental retardation, neurobehavioral and psychiatric abnormalities.

SCN3A Preparation Options

Membrane protein studies have applied in many fields over the past few years. Based on our versatile Magic™ membrane protein production platform, we could offer a series of membrane protein preparation services for worldwide customers in reconstitution forms as well as multiple active formats. Aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-SCN3A antibody development services.


Creative Biolabs has developed a series of strategies to successfully generate numerous functional membrane proteins for our global customers. We are happy to accelerate the development of our clients’ programs with our one-stop, custom-oriented service. For more detailed information, please feel free to contact us.

Reference

  1. Vandenbeuch A and Kinnamon S C. (2009). Why do taste cells generate action potentials? Journal of Biology. 8(4): 42.

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