Introduction of GABRG1
Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1 (GABRG1), also known as GABA(A) receptor subunit gamma-1, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GABRG1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of the GABAA receptor which belongs to the Cys-loop superfamily of ligand-gated ion channel and has a heteropolymeric structure that forms a chloride channel.
|Basic Information of GABRG1|
|Protein Name||Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit gamma-1|
|Aliases||GABA(B) receptor subunit gamma-1|
|Organism||Homo sapiens (Human)|
Function of GABRG1 Membrane Protein
The gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors are the major inhibitory neurotransmitter receptors in the brain and the site of action of a number of important pharmacological agents including barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and ethanol. Until now, nineteen heterogeneous subunits of the GABAA receptor (6 α, 3 β, 3 γ, 1 δ, 1 ε, 1 θ, 1 π, and 3 ρ) have been identified, with 70% sequence homology within classes and 30% homology between classes. Functional receptors are pentameric, with the receptor usually comprised of 2 α subunits, 2 β subunits, and one γ subunit. These subunits assemble as pentamers and, as for many other ion channels, their biophysical and pharmacological properties are dependent on the subunit stoichiometry. As a member of the GABA receptors, GABRG1 has been reported to be involved in mediating responses to benzodiazepines. What’s more, studies have shown that GABRG1 is expressed in the rat vestibule, indicating that GABA is one of the important neurotransmitters in the vestibular system.
Fig.1 GABAA receptor morphology. (A) Structure of a GABAAR subunit. (B)Schematic view of most common GABAA isoform (putative) from the synaptic cleft. (Gurba, 2010)
Application GABRG1 of Membrane Protein in Literature
This article reflects the interrelationship between these 2 genes (GABRG1 and GABRA2) and the likelihood that risk loci exist in each of them.
This article aims to investigate allelic associations between 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the GABRG1 gene (rs1391166 and rs1497571) and alcohol phenotypes, namely level of response to alcohol, alcohol use patterns, and alcohol-related problems. It suggests that genetic variation at the GABRG1 locus may underlie the expression of alcohol phenotypes, including the level of response to alcohol.
This article suggests that there are likely to be independent, complex contributions from both GABRG1 and GABRA2 to alcoholism vulnerability.
This article indicates that in the basolateral amygdala, GABAergic synapses are likely composed of receptors that contain alpha2betaxgamma2 subunits. In the central amygdala receptors at the medial input, carrying afferents from the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis contain similar receptors, whereas in the lateral input GABA receptors likely contain gamma1 subunits.
This article aims to investigate the expression of the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor gamma 1 subunit in the end-organs of rat vestibule. It shows that gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor gamma 1 subunit is expressed in the rat vestibule, indicating that GABA is one of the important neurotransmitters in the vestibular system.
GABRG1 Preparation Options
To meet global customers’ requirements, we have developed an advanced Magic™ membrane protein production platform which enables many options, from which we will find you the perfect one. Besides, aided by our versatile Magic™ anti-membrane protein antibody discovery platform, we also provide customized anti-GABRG1 antibody development services.
With the help of years of experience and professional scientists, Creative Biolabs has gained a wealth of good reputation in providing a full range of membrane protein products for worldwide customers. In addition to GABRG1 membrane protein products, we also provide other membrane protein preparation services to meet every client’s specific requirements. To learn more information, please feel free to contact us for more information.