Leukemia, generally refers to cancers of the WBCs. In America, more than forty thousand people are diagnosed with leukemia each year. It arises in the bone marrow, the soft, sponge-like material inside long bones of four limbs, where blood cells form. Under healthy circumstance, mature blood cells migrate from bone marrow into the blood circulatory system, but in the bone marrow of leukemia patient, some white blood cells divide too fast and cannot get mature as a result of incorrectly development, which finally crowd out the normal, healthy ones. As WBCs play a vital role in protecting body from microbe infection and abnormal cells invasion, the loss of WBCs leads body into a dangerous situation. Gene mutation, chromosome fraction rearrangement, and the exposure to radiation, chemicals are the possible causes of this disease. Meanwhile, heredity and virus infection are also linked to the development of leukemia.

Depending on the type and the growth rate of cell affected, people classify leukemia into four groups:

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)

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