Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) also known as cluster of differentiation 274 (CD274) or B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD274. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a 40kDa type 1 transmembrane protein that has been speculated to play a major role in suppressing the immune system during particular events such as pregnancy, tissue allografts, autoimmune disease and other disease states. Tumoral PD-L1 expression status has been shown to be prognostic in multiple tumor types, including melanoma (MEL), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
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